The Burden of Unhealthy Behaviors: NCDs in Egypt

Series: Sciencious Medical Writing Conference

Egypt is currently struggling with a significant public health challenge, mostly caused by noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). These diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases, are not transferred through infection, rather they are the result of unhealthy behaviors. NCDs have emerged as the main cause of death worldwide, representing a significant danger to health and development, particularly in low- and middle-income countries like Egypt. NCDs have reached alarming levels in Egypt, accounting for a staggering 87% of deaths. NCDs are caused by several factors, including smoking, pollution, poor nutrition, and physical inactivity.

Effective noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies require a multifaceted approach that addresses several aspects of public health. Healthy lifestyle management is at the top of NCD prevention efforts. It involves actions such as increasing tobacco product taxes, graphic warning labels, and initiatives aimed at reducing tobacco usage. Another important aspect is encouraging regular physical activity, which can be accomplished through public awareness campaigns and the availability of secure, accessible exercise places. Nutrition plays an essential role in the promotion of balanced and nutritious meals through cooking programs, food product labeling, and rules and laws that limit the marketing of unhealthy foods.

Early detection and management are equally critical. Implementing screening programs for conditions like hypertension, diabetes, and certain cancers enables early intervention and treatment. Equally vital is ensuring that individuals have access to healthcare services for the management and treatment of NCDs, emphasizing universal access to healthcare services.

Policy and legislative actions play a major part in NCD prevention. Taxing unhealthy products, such as fizzy drinks and high-sugar snacks, may significantly reduce usage. Marketing limitations, especially for harmful food and drinks aimed at youths, can have a significant impact. Applying smoke-free laws in public spaces and workplaces protects people from secondary smoking, reducing the possibility of NCDs.

Community engagement is essential in creating a sense of shared responsibility for health. Community-based programs that educate, create awareness, and encourage healthy lifestyle choices are extremely beneficial. Implementing health education programs in schools encourages teenagers and kids to engage in healthy activities, creating a foundation for a healthy life.

Research and surveillance are fundamental for evidence-based decision-making in NCD prevention. Epidemiological research improves our understanding of NCD developments and risk factors. 

International cooperation is critical in combating NCDs on a worldwide basis. Collaboration with international organizations and neighboring countries enables the exchange of best practices and coordinated efforts to effectively combat NCDs.

Finally, individual empowerment through health awareness programs and self-management assistance is extremely important for long-term NCD prevention. When these multidimensional methods are properly integrated and established, they have the potential to significantly reduce the burden of NCDs and promote a healthy future for individuals and communities around the world.

In conclusion, Egypt is grappling with a major public health crisis due to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and respiratory diseases. These diseases are primarily a result of unhealthy behaviors and account for 87% of deaths in Egypt. Effective NCD prevention strategies require a comprehensive approach, including promoting healthy lifestyles, early detection, policy changes, community engagement, research, and international collaboration. These efforts aim to reduce NCD prevalence and empower individuals and communities to prioritize their health. Addressing NCDs is crucial for Egypt’s well-being and development.


  • Budreviciute, A., Damiati, S., Sabir, D. K., Onder, K., Schuller-Goetzburg, P., Plakys, G., Katileviciute, A., Khoja, S., & Kodzius, R. (2020). Management and Prevention Strategies for Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) and Their Risk Factors. Frontiers in public health, 8, 574111.
  • World Health Organization (WHO). Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) Country Profiles:
  • Chimezie, R. O. (2023). Health Awareness: A Significant Factor in Chronic Diseases Prevention and Access to Care. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 11(2), 64-79.
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Julia Karam

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